The National Liberation Museum 1944-1945

The National Liberation Museum 1944-1945 is located on a historic site. During Operation Market Garden paratroopers from the 82nd U.S. Airborne Division landed in the area where the Museum is situated. From here the U.S. troops started their advance towards the bridges at Grave and Nijmegen. The capture of these bridges would open up the area between the Maas, Waal and Rhine rivers to the Allied forces and have a profound impact on the further course of the war.

The area was also the stepping stone from which Operation Veritable, aimed at clearing the Reichswald forest, would commence (February 1945). By that time the road leading up to the museum had become the frontline separating the Allied and German forces. Operation Veritable opened with the heaviest artillery bombardment seen on the Western front during the Second World War. Over half a million shells were fired at the German front line. The German forces holding the first of three defensive lines were completely stunned and their resistance crumbled within two days. But after the initial success the operation quickly bogged down. It would take two weeks before Allied forces cleared the Reichswald.

The National Liberation Museum 1944-1945 has a large collection of material concerning Operation Market Garden, the battle for the Reichswald and the Second World War in its broadest sense.


The National Liberation Museum in Groesbeek is preparing for the future

The new modern WWII museum will grow from 2,250 m² to 3,000 m² and will combine innovative and modern presentation techniques with authenticity, historical objects and personal stories. The new museum will open in mid-2019 before the start of the commemorative 75 Years of Freedom programme.

Focusing on these major points in history, the new Liberation Museum brings the historical events of the liberation by the American, British, Canadian and Polish troops back to life. The new museum will have a more international outlook and also gain a strong focus on Germany.

Central to the museum will be the story of war and freedom without borders: multiperspective, critical, suspenseful, and inspiring and will make the connection to current themes of freedom, democracy and human rights.

The National Liberation Museum 1944-1945

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