- Wylerbaan 4, 6561 KR Groesbeek, Pays-Bas
- +31 (0)243974404 email@example.com
The National Liberation Museum 1944-1945 is located on a historic site. During Operation Market Garden paratroopers from the 82nd U.S. Airborne Division landed in the area where the Museum is situated. From here the U.S. troops started their advance towards the bridges at Grave and Nijmegen. The capture of these bridges would open up the area between the Maas, Waal and Rhine rivers to the Allied forces and have a profound impact on the further course of the war.
The area was also the stepping stone from which Operation Veritable, aimed at clearing the Reichswald forest, would commence (February 1945). By that time the road leading up to the museum had become the frontline separating the Allied and German forces. Operation Veritable opened with the heaviest artillery bombardment seen on the Western front during the Second World War. Over half a million shells were fired at the German front line. The German forces holding the first of three defensive lines were completely stunned and their resistance crumbled within two days. But after the initial success the operation quickly bogged down. It would take two weeks before Allied forces cleared the Reichswald.
The National Liberation Museum 1944-1945 has a large collection of material concerning Operation Market Garden, the battle for the Reichswald and the Second World War in its broadest sense.
The National Liberation Museum in Groesbeek is preparing for the future
The new modern WWII museum will grow from 2,250 m² to 3,000 m² and will combine innovative and modern presentation techniques with authenticity, historical objects and personal stories. The new museum will open in mid-2019 before the start of the commemorative 75 Years of Freedom programme.
Focusing on these major points in history, the new Liberation Museum brings the historical events of the liberation by the American, British, Canadian and Polish troops back to life. The new museum will have a more international outlook and also gain a strong focus on Germany.
Central to the museum will be the story of war and freedom without borders: multiperspective, critical, suspenseful, and inspiring and will make the connection to current themes of freedom, democracy and human rights.
Sunday September 16: Liberation Festival & Children’s Flea Market
Liberation festival with a colourful children’s fleamarket from 10.30 am-4.30 pm on the museum grounds with many other activities for children. Entry fee adults € 3,00 (incl. parking, museum and festival). Free admission for children under 18.
During the Second World War 6 million Jews were murdered across Europe by the German occupiers. Rose Jakobs was a Jewish girl who went into hiding during the occupation of the Netherlands. Like Anne Frank she wrote a diary. She was one of the few Jews that survived. Unfortunately she was killed by a bomb fragment just after the liberation of Nijmegen.
Rosie the Riveter is the symbol for all the women that worked in the war industry during the Second World War. As the men went to the front, hundreds of thousands of women took their places in the factories and with their tireless efforts contributed greatly to the Allied victory.
The Allied Rhineland Offensive comprised several large-scale military operations during the last months of the Second World War in Europe. The two main objectives of these combined British, American and Canadian operations were to clear the area west of the Rhine and to accomplish the crossing of the river itself. If successful, the offensive would mean a final blow to the last German line of defense in the West.
Operation Market Garden was one of the largest Allied operations of the Second World War. It aimed to secure the bridges over the rivers Maas (Meuse), Waal and Rhine in the Netherlands in order to outflank the heavy German defences of the Siegfried Line and to insure a swift advance towards Berlin.
James Megellas joined the U.S. army in May 1942 and saw action in Italy, Holland, Belgium and Germany. He took part in some of the most famous battles of the Second World War and is one of the most highly decorated members of the 82nd Airborne Division.
In May 1940 the Netherlands was occupied by German forces. It would take five years before they could be ousted. The final drive to liberate the whole country was launched in February 1945 after the so-called ‘Hunger Winter’ had led to 20.000 fatalities in the still occupied territory.