- Point of Interest
- 5 Mei Plein 1, 6703 CD Wageningen, Pays-Bas
On 5 May 1945 German commander general Blaskowitz met with Canadian general Foulkes in Hotel de Wereld in Wageningen. There they negotiated the surrender document for all German forces in the Netherlands, which they signed the next day. The occupation of the Netherlands had come to an end.
In May 1940 the German army launched its offensive against France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Using Blitzkrieg (sudden and overwhelming) tactics the German armed forces overran the Allied forces and achieved a spectacular victory. The Dutch army held out for five days but was in the end unable to halt the German advance. The German occupation of the Netherlands, which was to last for five years, had begun.
In June 1944 the Allies launched their invasion of Western Europe in Normandy. After breaking out from the Normandy beachheads they made remarkable progress. In September 1944 the liberation of the Netherlands seemed close at hand. The Allies launched Operation Market Garden that liberated much of the Southern part of the country. At Arnhem the German forces thwarted the Allied advance. As a result the Northern part of the country remained German-occupied until the spring of 1945.
By May 1945 the situation for Nazi-Germany became untenable. Russian forces had taken most of Berlin, Adolf Hitler had committed suicide and German military resistance was crumbling everywhere.
On 4 May Field Marshal Montgomery accepted the surrender of all German forces in Northwest-Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. Because it was feared that the German 25th Army would continue to hold out in the Netherlands its commander general Blaskowitz met with Canadian general Foulkes in Hotel de Wereld in Wageningen. On 5 May they negotiated a more detailed surrender document for all German forces in the Netherlands, which they signed the next day. The occupation of the Netherlands had come to an end.
Wilhelm Keitel served as chief of the Supreme Command of the Wehrmacht from 1938 to 1945. He loyally supported Hitler’s policies and shared responsibility for the war of annihilation in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. On 8 May 1945 he signed the unconditional surrender of the German armed forces in Berlin. In November 1945 he stood trial in Nuremberg.
Battle of Berlin
The battle of Berlin was one of the last battles of the Second World War in Europe. The war that had proceeded from Berlin returned to the city. Many soldiers and civilians died in widespread house-to-house fighting.
Towards the German capitulation in the Netherlands
In May 1940 the Netherlands was occupied by German forces. It would take five years before they could be ousted. The final drive to liberate the whole country was launched in February 1945 after the so-called ‘Hunger Winter’ had led to 20.000 fatalities in the still occupied territory.
Victorious powers in Berlin
The Second World War in Europe ended in the spring of 1945 with the Allied victory over Nazi Germany. The fate of the German people now lay in the hands of the four victorious powers, the USA, the Soviet Union, Great Britain and France. Germany and Berlin were placed under a shared four-party administration.
Svetoslao N. Hlopoff
Svetoslao N. Hlopoff arrived in eastern France as a soldier with the U.S. Army in December 1944. After the surrender of Nazi Germany, a roundabout route took him to the Allied Kommandatura in Berlin as a Russian-English interpreter. In this capacity he experienced the beginnings and the collapse of the Four Powers Administration.