- Point of Interest
- Lange Baan 2, 6511 Nijmegen, Pays-Bas
The city of Nijmegen played an important role in Operation Market Garden. With two bridges across the Waal river it was vital for the Allied advance towards Arnhem and Germany later on. On 20 September 1944 U.S. troops managed to capture both bridges and liberate the city.
The city of Nijmegen played an important role in Operation Market Garden. With its two bridges across the Waal river (the main branch of the Rhine), control of the city was vital for the planned push towards Arnhem and Germany. On 17 September the first attempt was made to capture the two bridges by units of the American 82nd Airborne Division that were dropped around the nearby village of Groesbeek. The American forces managed to get within 400 metres of the Waal bridge but were then thrown back by German forces. The next day another attack was initiated, but again the paratroopers were unable to secure the bridge.
On 19 September the ground forces of the 30th Corps made contact with the airborne units in Grave. A combined attack to secure the bridges was made, this time with tank support from the Guards Armoured Division. Again the Allied advance was halted just before the bridges. By this time the German forces had received reinforcements from the 10th SS Panzer Division and put up stiff resistance. It was becoming clear that the bridges could not be stormed. The plan was made to attack the bridges from both sides at the same time. This would mean putting forces across the river in boats. On 20 September units from the 82nd Airborne crossed the river under murderous enemy fire. They managed to establish a beachhead on the northern bank of the Waal and from this small foothold they eventually were able to storm and capture the bridges of Nijmegen and liberate the city.
James Megellas joined the U.S. army in May 1942 and saw action in Italy, Holland, Belgium and Germany. He took part in some of the most famous battles of the Second World War and is one of the most highly decorated members of the 82nd Airborne Division.
During the Second World War 6 million Jews were murdered across Europe by the German occupiers. Rose Jakobs was a Jewish girl who went into hiding during the occupation of the Netherlands. Like Anne Frank she wrote a diary. She was one of the few Jews that survived. Unfortunately she was killed by a bomb fragment just after the liberation of Nijmegen.
Operation Market Garden was one of the largest Allied operations of the Second World War. It aimed to secure the bridges over the rivers Maas (Meuse), Waal and Rhine in the Netherlands in order to outflank the heavy German defences of the Siegfried Line and to insure a swift advance towards Berlin.
From 1943 to 1945, the 82nd U.S. Airborne Division was deployed in all of the important operations in western Europe. It took part in military operations in Italy, France, the Netherlands and Belgium as well as on the territory of the German Reich. After the war it was stationed in Berlin as part of the occupying forces.
The Dutch province of Gelderland became the scene of heavy fighting during WWII with Operation Market Garden and Operation Veritable. In September 1944, the Allies attempted to capture bridges over several rivers to ensure a swift advance towards Germany, but