- Point of Interest
- Schulenburgring 2, Berlin, Allemagne
After the Soviet troops had occupied the Reichstag on 1 May 1945, German defeat was imminent. On 2 May, Soviet intelligence received a radio message from the German 56th Armored Corps requesting an armistice. Later that morning, corps commander General Helmuth Weidling signed the order of surrender, which was then conveyed to all soldiers of the Berlin garrison.
After Adolf Hitler had committed suicide on 30 April 1945 and the Soviet troops had occupied the Reichstag on 1 May 1945, German defeat was imminent. On 2 May, Soviet intelligence received a radio message from the 56th Armored Corps led by General Helmuth Weidling requesting an armistice after a day of failed negotiations for a conditional surrender.
Later that morning, Weidling, corps commander and the last commander of the Berlin Defence District, was brought to Schulenburgring 2 in Berlin Tempelhof.
A few days before, on 27 April 1945, shortly after the Soviet occupation of the Berlin Tempelhof Airport, General Vasily Chuikov had moved his field headquarters from Johannisthal Airfield in south-eastern Berlin to Schulenburgring 2 in Tempelhof. Instead of the airport building he chose a traditional Berlin apartment building which he used until 4 May 1945.
In the ground floor apartment of a certain Mrs. Anni Goebels, Weidling signed the order of surrender to all soldiers of the Berlin garrison. This signature meant the end of the Second World War for Berlin. Six days later, the unconditional surrender of the entire German forces was signed in nearby Berlin’s Karlshorst district.
The human cost of the battle of Berlin had been enormous. The Soviets counted over 80.000 dead. German losses are estimated at almost 50.000.
The German Ilse Schier spent her childhood and youth in East Prussia, the easternmost part of the German Reich. Her rural idyllic life there ended abruptly with the outbreak of the Second World War.
Soviet Colonel-General Nikolai Berzarin commanded the 5th Shock Army during the Berlin campaign that lasted from 16 April until 2 May 1945. As the first city commandant of Berlin he worked hard to get the city moving again. He died in a motorcycle accident on 16 June 1945.
Svetoslao N. Hlopoff arrived in eastern France as a soldier with the U.S. Army in December 1944. After the surrender of Nazi Germany, a roundabout route took him to the Allied Kommandatura in Berlin as a Russian-English interpreter. In this capacity he experienced the beginnings and the collapse of the Four Powers Administration.
The Second World War in Europe ended in the spring of 1945 with the Allied victory over Nazi Germany. The fate of the German people now lay in the hands of the four victorious powers, the USA, the Soviet Union, Great Britain and France. Germany and Berlin were placed under a shared four-party administration.
The 20-year-old Pole Czeslawa Sidor was one of the tens of thousands of women conscripted into forced labour in Berlin. During the chaos of the Battle of Berlin at the end of April 1945, she set off on foot for her home country.
On 1 July 1945, Colonel Frank Howley arrived in Berlin with an advanced detachment of the U.S. Army. His mission was to build the American military administration in Berlin.