- Piazzale Kennedy, 1, 00048 Nettuno, RM, Italy
The Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial in Nettuno, Italy, covers 77 acres. The cemetery contains the remains of 7,860 of American soldiers who fell in the course of the liberation of Sicily, in the landings in Salerno and Anzio, in the landings at Anzio Beach and in air and naval support in the regions.
The Anzio Beachhead Museum is devoted to the Allied amphibious landing on 22 January 1944, along the coastline between Anzio and Nettuno, in Italy. The museum opened in 1994 for the 50th Anniversary of the landing. It comprises four sections:
On 22 January 1944 the Allied forces landed at Anzio. The invasion was intended to outflank German defence forces on the Gustav Defence Line and strike directly for Rome. The operation failed and the invasion force was pinned down around Anzio until the end of May.
The Allied landing at Salerno on 9 September 1943 coincided with the proclamation of the armistice of the Kingdom of Italy and marked the beginning of the liberation campaign of the Italian mainland. It failed to enforce a quick advance to Rome and gave way to the bloody operations centred around Monte Cassino.