- Point of Interest
- Oranjedijk 4381, 4381 Vlissingen, Pays-Bas
The last phase in the battle of the Scheldt was the capture of the island of Walcheren. Walcheren had been incorporated into the German Atlantic Wall and had been heavily fortified during the war. The Allied commanders therefore viewed the capture of Walcheren as the biggest obstacle in the clearing of the Scheldt estuary.
During the war some forty artillery batteries had been placed in concrete bunkers in Walcheren. These were supported by a network of smaller bunkers, trenches and pillboxes, making an attack on Walcheren a difficult undertaking. There were two ways of attacking the island. The first way was to attack it via the only land connection, the 1,200 meter long Sloedam. This dam had been fortified at both ends and progress here was slow. Therefore the main effort of the attack was placed on an amphibious assault.
On 1 November 1944 two amphibious landings were made. The first landing was made at Vlissingen (Flushing) by British, French and Dutch commandos. Their landing had been preceded by a heavy bombardment of the German coastal defences and the commandos went ashore without too many problems. Within a few hours they had managed to capture the city centre of Vlissingen, but the Germans kept offering resistance in the north of the town.
A second landing at Westkapelle went far less smoothly. Four of the heaviest German batteries at Westkapelle were still in operation and engaged a group of 25 British gunboats supporting the landings. After two hours only five of these boats were still in operation, but fortunately the landing craft had been spared and the commando forces managed to go ashore. They engaged the German defenders and silenced the guns.
By the end of 3 November the German resistance between Vlissingen and Westkapelle was broken. A few days later, on 8 November, the fighting on Walcheren came to an end.
During the battle for the Scheldt the island of Walcheren was bombed heavily by the Allied air force. The aim of these bombing raids was to destroy the dikes surrounding Walcheren, in order to flood the terrain and hamper the German defensive efforts. For the civilians, like Kees Pouwelse, the experiences were traumatic.
During the Second World War the Frenchman René Rossey volunteered for a military career, at first in the Free French Forces. In 1943, 17 years old, he joined the famous Kieffer Commando and participated in the Allied landing in Normandy. After the liberation of France his unit continued fighting the Germans and finally succeeded in the liberation of Holland.
Discover in Zeeland a land of shores and islands endowed with a unique history. Due to its strategic position on trading and migratory routes, Zeeland has always been of prime importance. In WWII the region was devastated during the Battle
Towards the German capitulation in the Netherlands
In May 1940 the Netherlands was occupied by German forces. It would take five years before they could be ousted. The final drive to liberate the whole country was launched in February 1945 after the so-called ‘Hunger Winter’ had led to 20.000 fatalities in the still occupied territory.
Battle of the Scheldt
In August 1944 the Allies broke out of Normandy. The speed of the allied advance was so great that they outran their supply lines. In early September the advance came to a halt. The Allies desperately needed a large port to supply their troops and the obvious choice was Antwerp.