- 00 Place de la Résistance, 4041 Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
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The National Resistance Museum of Luxembourg can be found in Esch-sur-Alzette, in the southeast of the country. The museum retraces the history of Luxembourg from 1940 to 1945 through photos, objects and artwork. It focuses, among other topics, on Nazi oppression and the liberation of the country in 1945. A section is devoted to the system of concentration camps and to the fate of Jews in Luxembourg.
The Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, located in Hamm and established on 29 December 1944, contains the remains of 5,076 Americans. Most of them died during the so called Battle of the Bulge. Among these graves is the one of the famous hero of the Bulge, the American General George Patton.
During the Battle of the Bulge, Schumann’s Eck was a significant crossroad where many American and German soldiers lost their lives. The National Liberation Memorial Schumann’s Eck was erected there on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Luxembourg. The memorial contains several plaques of the American units involved in the battle.
The National Museum of Military History in Diekirch, Luxembourg was created in 1984 by collectors and volunteers. The museum traces the course of the Second World War with a particular focus on the Battle of the Bulge. Through its collections of weapons, vehicles and diverse equipment, the MNHM illustrates the technical and logistic evolutions within the armed forces of the belligerent parties.
In December 1944, when the Allies had advanced unto the Belgian Ardennes, they were completely surprised by three German armies. This was the beginning of the Ardennes Offensive or ‘Battle of the Bulge’. It was a last desperate attempt of the German Wehrmacht to cut through the allied lines. The battle lasted more than six weeks and took many lives on both sides.