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At the first phase of the Second World War, the tunnels of Dover Castle housed the command centre of the great evacuation of Dunkerque (Operation Dynamo). Later, Dover Castle and the surrounding area were also used as the notional centre of the fictitious 1st U.S. Army Group (FUSAG). From here misleading radio signals were broadcast as part of Operation Fortitude South.
Standing at the narrowest part of the English Channel, Dover Castle has a long and eventful history. At the first phase of the Second World War, Dover Castle played a significant role in Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of troops from Dunkerque. With no technology and few resources, Vice Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay planned and coordinated the successful evacuation of 338.000 troops from his headquarters within the tunnels beneath Dover Castle, marking one of the greatest rescue operations in history.
Later in the war, Dover Castle housed a military hospital and also played a key role in Operation Fortitude, conceived to mislead the Germans. The castle and the surrounding area was the notional centre of the fictitious 1st U.S. Army Group (FUSAG) under the pretended command of General George Patton. Dummy landing craft, airfields and roads were constructed around Kent, fake radio signals were transmitted from within the castle, all contributing to a false sense of activity in the south-east of England. By doing so, the Germans were made to believe that the Allied invasion of mainland Europe would come from Dover and via Pas-de-Calais. Instead, the real invasion, considered to be the beginning of the end of the war, took place at Normandy on 6 June 1944.
The United Kingdom stood against Nazi Germany for the entire duration of World War II in Europe and served as the launching grounds for the liberation of Western Europe in June 1944. Immerse yourself in history in the English regions
From castles and fortresses to ancient bunkers and ruins – Kent delights as a haven for history lovers. Known as the ‘Garden of England‘, the region is made up of cities and many small villages brimming with historical treasures. Walk
Operation Fortitude South
As D-Day approached, Kent became the stage for one of the War’s greatest deception plans, Operation Fortitude South. In order to mislead the German army and conceal the real location of the Allied invasion of Western Europe, extensive military preparations were made around Dover. But it was all fake.
Preparations for D-Day
D-Day is one of the most remembered campaigns of the Second World War. The operation involved troops from Britain, the United States, Canada and several other countries. On 6 June 1944 the Allied forces sailed across the English Channel to begin their campaign to gain victory against the German forces. Planning the invasion was an enormous undertaking.
Battle of Britain Memorial
The Battle of Britain Memorial can be found at Capel-le Ferne on the coast of Kent, England. It features one central statue of a pilot and the Christopher Foxley-Norris Memorial Wall. The Memorial was opened by the Queen Mother in 1993 and is dedicated to those who fought the Battle of Britain from July 10, 1940 to October 31, 1940.