- Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtnis-Kirche Berlin, Tauentzienstraße, 10789 Berlin, Allemagne
Regular air raids on Berlin by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) started in 1944, with almost daily bombardments in February and March 1945. The bombing on 3 February 1945 focused on the government district and was designed to break the will of the Berlin people. This strategy failed until the end of April when the Soviet army conquered the city.
The first British air raids on Berlin took place in the night of 25 August 1940. They were followed by infrequent attacks during the ensuing months. This first phase of the air war lasted until the fall of 1941. Thereafter, virtually no air raids were flown against Berlin until January 1943. In all of 1942, Berlin’s air raid sirens sounded only nine times. Even though Berlin was not the only goal of the strategic air war, it was still a very important one, being not only the capital of the German Reich, but also an important industrial and armaments centre.
Starting in March 1944, the Royal Air Force (RAF) night time raids were supplemented by daytime attacks on Berlin by the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF). In February and March 1945, the capital was attacked from the air almost daily. This American and British bombing offensive was designed to be a visible contribution to the Soviet ground offensive which had been launched on 12 January 1945 from the Vistula river in Poland.
The American air attack on Berlin of 3 February 1945 was one of the heaviest of the entire war. On that day, Berlin suffered 2.500 dead from the air raid, and 100.000 people saw their homes destroyed. The bombing on 3 February 1945 focused on the government district and was designed to break the will of the Berlin people. However, that strategy failed. Rather, support for the Nazi regime increased. The RAF and USAAF stopped their air attacks on 16 April 1945. The Soviet Union continued the air war to support the ground offensive in Berlin.
The battle of Berlin was one of the last battles of the Second World War in Europe. The war that had proceeded from Berlin returned to the city. Many soldiers and civilians died in widespread house-to-house fighting.
Encircling the capital city of Berlin, the region of Brandenburg was fought over fiercely during WWII. The areas of former battlefields are now brimming with historic sites where you can further your knowledge of German history. In the town of
The 20-year-old Pole Czeslawa Sidor was one of the tens of thousands of women conscripted into forced labour in Berlin. During the chaos of the Battle of Berlin at the end of April 1945, she set off on foot for her home country.
For a long time the prevailing view among the U.S. Air Force was that African Americans could not fly airplanes. However, the Tuskegee Airmen would change this. This African American unit was formed in 1941, after which they played an important role on the European continent. One of its pilots was Captain Roscoe Brown.