Lieutenant Shalwa Loladze was a Georgian soldier fighting for the Soviet Union at the beginning of the Second World War. After being taken prisoner by the German Army he became an officer in the Georgian Legion. His battalion was stationed on Texel.
At the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 Shalwa Loladze was in service with the Red Army. As a commander of a Soviet squadron his airplane was brought down above Ukraine in 1942. He was taken prisoner by the German Army. To avoid the terrible conditions of a German prisoner-of-war camp he decided to join the Georgian Legion which served the German Army. Here he became lieutenant of the Georgian 882nd Infantry Battalion.
Because of different revolts of Georgian troops in Eastern Europe the German Army decided to station these troops in the West. The battalion of Loladze therefore arrived on Texel on 6 February 1945. 2 months later the battalion was told to fight the Allies on the Dutch mainland. According to the battalion a revolt was the only chance to prevent this. Led by Loladze they started their revolt on 6 April at 01:00 and in the early morning 180 German soldiers were killed. However, the tide would soon turn after German reinforcements reached the island. Five weeks later the battalion surrendered.
During the revolt 565 Georgians, 120 local citizens and around 800 Germans died. Shalwa Loladze was one of them. He was shot in the back on 25 April. A large number of the Georgians are buried on the Georgian cemetery on Texel. After the war the surviving 228 Georgians returned to their own country.
Aviation and War Museum Texel
The Luchtvaart & Oorlogsmuseum (Aviation and War Museum) in Texel presents the history of aviation and war in the Dutch Frisian island. The collection displays landing gear, propellers and engine parts. It is divided into six sub-collections: general aviation, deportation
Georgian War Cemetery Loladze
The Georgian War Cemetery Loladze on Texel houses the graves of 476 fallen Georgian soldiers of the Georgian 882nd Infantry Battalion. Lieutenant Sjalwa Loladze is one of them.
The Georgian Uprising
In April 1945, the 822nd Wehrmacht-infantry battalion was stationed on Texel. The battalion consisted of 800 Georgian volunteers and 400 German soldiers. German commander Klaus Breitner and volunteer commander Sjalwa Loladze are in charge. On 5 April 1945, Breitner announced that the battalion must prepare to leave early the next day to head east and join the fight against the Allied troops. At the time, Breitner had no idea that many of his German soldiers would not make it through the night.