During the Second World War the U.S. Armed Forces were segregated based on race. The 761st Tank Battalion, known as the Black Panthers, was a ‘black unit’ and consisted mostly of African-Americans. Sergeant Ruben Rivers was part of this unit and like many other American soldiers would help liberate Europe.
As a member of the 761st Tank Battalion Sergeant Ruben Rivers arrived at Omaha Beach in France on 10 October 1944. Here his unit became part of General George Patton’s 3rd Army. Rivers was 26 years old and known for his bravery. On 19 November he led a peloton of Sherman tanks to the occupied village Guébling. Arriving in the village under enemy fire, Rivers’ tank struck an anti-tank mine. Despite having an open bone fracture on his leg, he refused any morphine the medical team tried to give him. Soon after, he even took command of another thank.
The following days Rivers fought without morphine and with a swollen and infected leg. On 19 November, the Black Panthers again tried to break through the lines at Guébling, but German troops were waiting with anti-tank guns. Rivers ordered his tank to get out of cover and to attack the enemy so that his comrades could retreat. His plan worked, but Rivers’ tank was blown up.
Rivers’ actions were an example for the entire 761st Tank Battalion. After the war, like many other African-American soldiers he did not gain the recognition he deserved. It wasn’t until 1997, that President Bill Clinton awarded his family his Medal of Honor. Rivers is one of only seven African-Americans to be awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Second World War.
Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial
The Lorraine American Cemetery covers 113.5 acres and comprises 10,489 graves of American soldiers, most of whom were killed while driving the German forces from the fortress city of Metz toward the Siegfried Line and the Rhine River. The memorial, which stands on a plateau to the west of the burial area, shows ceramic operations maps with narratives and service flags.