Rosie the Riveter is the symbol for all the women that worked in the war industry during the Second World War. As the men went to the front, hundreds of thousands of women took their places in the factories and with their tireless efforts contributed greatly to the Allied victory.
Rosie the Riveter is a fictitious character that became popular during the Second World War. In 1942 Redd Evans and John Jacob Loeb wrote a song about a female riveter which became a national hit in the United States. From that moment onward, Rosie the Riveter became a popular nickname for working women. In 1943 Norman Rockwell drew a picture of a female riveter whose lunchbox read ‘’Rosie’’, from then on people could put a face to the name. Rockwell’s picture showed a very muscular woman who did not wear any make up and is now not generally associated with Rosie.
The image that most people today would associate with Rosie the Riveter – where she is depicted as a woman flexing her arm in a blue overall and red bandana – was created by the Westinghouse Company in 1943. During the war the image was not used outside of the company. It was only during the 1980’s that this image was rediscovered and became popular as a feminist symbol and since then it has become the most well-known depiction of women in the war industry.
After the Second World war most of the war stories concerned soldiers and battlefields. The enormous contribution of the thousands of women that worked in the factories and produced vast amounts of material needed by the soldiers, was largely overlooked. Only from the 1970’s onwards has this oversight been corrected and has Rosie claimed her rightful place in the history of the Second Word war and Liberation.
The Allied Museum tells a unique story: from the German defeat in the Second World War to the division of West and East Berlin between the three Western powers and the Soviet Union. Berlin became the most important scene of the struggle that is known as the Cold War.
The Freedom Museum is located in the beautiful green and hilly landscape of Groesbeek. The museum is close to Germany and right in the area of two of the most important operations on the Western Front during WW2: Market Garden and Veritable.
One of its kind in France, the Mémorial de Caen Museum gives the public the keys to understanding the Second World War, from its origins after the First World War to its latest consequences in 1989. It prompts the visitor to ask himself questions about this rapidly fading episode that changed the face of Europe and the world.
With a daring and modern concept, the Eyewitness visitor becomes a first-hand witness of the Second World War in Europe. Original attributes and life-sized mannequins are used to depict various wartime scenes in thirteen dioramas. Eyewitness also displays a number of prized objects that have rarely – if ever – been seen by the general public!
The Liberation Museum Zeeland takes us back to a special part of Zeelands history. During the Second World War Allied soldiers, sailors and airmen of various nationalities united in the fight against the German occupation forces. This struggle resulted in a lot of dead and wounded on both sides. The local population in Zeeland also suffered heavy casualties.
During the summer of 1944 Cherbourg was the most important harbour in the world. For the Allies it was the vital gateway to Europe, indispensable for supplying their campaign in Western Europe. Despite fierce German resistance, U.S. troops seized the city on 26 June 1944. The Liberation Museum reminds us of this dramatic episode.