United States General George Patton made his reputation in North Africa and Sicily. The Germans feared his skill and bravura. Therefore he was put in charge of the fictional 1st U.S. Army Group, a successful ruse to convince the Germans that the invasion of Europe would take place in Calais, and not in Normandy.
George Smith Patton was born in California to a privileged family. His career began during the First World War, when he became the first officer assigned to the new U.S. Army Tank Corps. Promoted through the ranks over the years, Patton came to lead the 7th U.S. Army during the Second World War.
After his successful invasion of Sicily, the German High Command held more respect for Patton than for any other Allied commander. Therefore he was given a vital role in Operation Fortitude South, where he was appointed commander of the fictional 1st U.S. Army Group (FUSAG), an elaborate ploy to convince the German army that the main invasion of Europe from Britain would take place at Pas-de-Calais. Following a controversial incident in Sicily with the slapping of a shell-shocked soldier, he was sidelined in the major planning of the Normandy invasion, but as his expertise in the field of modern mobile warfare was considered vital to the Normandy breakout after D-Day, he was reinstated.
After the invasion, Patton headed the 3rd U.S. Army, broke through the German defence at Normandy and cleared a path across northern France, later crossing the Rhine and moving into heartland Germany and Austria. Patton died in December 1945 from injuries suffered in a car crash.
General Patton Memorial Museum
The General Patton Memorial Museum in Ettelbruck was inaugurated in 1995. The museum is dedicated to General George Patton, commander of the 3rd US Army, whose troops liberated the town in December 1944. More than 1,000 photographs and documents are displayed relating to the German invasion, as well as weapons and pieces of equipment discovered on the Ardennes battlefield.
The Monument Patton in Bastogne is dedicated to General George Patton, who broke the siege of Bastogne in December 1944. The monument stands at the Merceny Square.
Luxembourg American Cemetery
The Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, located in Hamm and established on 29 December 1944, contains the remains of 5,076 Americans. Most of them died during the so called Battle of the Bulge. Among these graves is the one of the famous hero of the Bulge, the American General George Patton.
Battle of the Bulge
In December 1944, when the Allies had advanced unto the Belgian Ardennes, they were completely surprised by three German armies. This was the beginning of the Ardennes Offensive or ‘Battle of the Bulge’. It was a last desperate attempt of the German Wehrmacht to cut through the allied lines. The battle lasted more than six weeks and took many lives on both sides.
Atlantic wall in Normandy
Following the invasion of the U.S.S.R. and the entry into the war of the U.S.A. on the British side, German strategy in the West changed from the offensive to the defensive. Hitler agreed to the construction of a fortified line along the western coastline, capable of repulsing any Allied attempt of invasion. Construction work of the Atlantic Wall began in early 1942.
Patton Memorial Pilsen
The Patton Memorial Pilsen was opened in May 2005 on the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the city of Pilsen. The museum retraces the advance of the US Army led by General Patton in WWII. More than a thousand
Thank You America Memorial
The Thank You America Memorial in Pilsen, Czech Republic, was erected in honour of the U.S. forces that liberated Pilsen in May 1945. The monument was renovated in May 2018 and it consists of two columns with inscriptions in both
The Red Ball Express
The Red Ball Express was a truck convoy which supplied US forces between August 25th and November 16th 1944, and which contributed enormously to the success of the armies. The convoy was staffed largely by African-American soldiers, who worked tirelessly to supply the front line.