The Polish freedom fighter Danuta Siedzikówna (born 1928) enlisted in the Home Army in 1943 in her strive to end the German occupation. During the communist regime in Poland Danuta remained active in the Resistance. She became a courier, but was captured by the secret police. In 1946 she was executed and buried in an unmarked grave.
Living in the eastern part of Poland, Danuta Siedzikówna alias ‘Inka’(1928-1946) experienced the horrors of both the German and the Soviet occupation of her home country. In 1940 her father was deported to Russia. Her mother was killed by the Gestapo in 1943. Danuta, a 15 year old orphan then, decided to join the Home Army, the Polish armed resistance movement, that was loyal to the Polish government in exile in England. As part of the army’s underground training she required medical skills and started working as a medical orderly. In June 1945 Danuta was arrested by the communist security service, but was soon liberated by Polish partisans. To avoid capture, she changed her name and moved to former German East Prussia, now part of Poland. There she worked in a forestry office, while maintaining contact with the anti-communist resistance. As her nom-de-guerre she chose ‘Inka’, most likely a reference to the powerful and almost unconquerable Inca-people in former Peru. Acting as a courier, Datuna came to Gdansk on 20 July 1946, where she was arrested and sent to prison. The prosecutors tried to force her to give the names of her contacts in the resistance, but despite the beatings and harshness she kept silent.
On 3 August 1946 ‘Inka’ was sentenced to death. Three weeks later, less than a week before her eighteenth birthday, she was shot in a cellar of the City Prison. On 11 November 2006, Polish Independance Day, Danuta was posthumously awarded the Kníght’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta. On 28 August 2016, 70 years after her execution, a state burial was held for her and one of her companions.
During the communist regime in Poland many anti-communists were killed, among whom the 18 year old Danuta Siedzikówna, alias ‘Inka’, who gave her life in the struggle against the German and communist occupation of her home land. After the fall of Communism a search was started for the mortal remains of the victims, to give them the respect they deserved. The remains of freedom fighter Danuta Siedzikówna were found in 2014.
The monument to ‘Inka’ in Gdansk is dedicated to the memory of the Polish heroine Danuta Siedzikówna and all those others who took part in the anti-communist resistance after the end of the Second World War. The monument was erected in 2015.
The Home Army Museum in Krakow was established in 2000 and named after general Emil Fieldorf. It is the only institution in Poland promoting knowledge about the Polish Underground Movement and its armed forces.
During its history the City Prison in Gdansk housed all kinds of prisoners: criminals, but political prisoners as well. After the abolishment of the Free City of Gdansk by the Nazis in 1939, hundreds of intellectuals, democrats, freedom fighters and jews were incarcerated here. Many of them were subsequently sent to Piasnica or Szpegawsk, where they were executed.
The European drama of 1939-1945 resulted in widespread destruction. Millions were killed, maimed, displaced or traumatized. The liberation of the countries occupied by Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany was therefore an enormous relief. However, Joseph Stalin, the totalitarian leader of the Soviet Union, who played an essential role in defeating Nazi Germany, had his own idea about this liberation. Soon he forcibly installed communist regimes in Poland and other countries.