Augusta Chiwy was a Belgian nurse who risked her life treating badly wounded American soldiers in the Battle of the Bulge. Her story remained unknown until very late in her life when the Belgian king awarded her the highest honor and a documentary about her courage won an American Emmy.
Augusta Chiwy arrived in Belgium when she was nine. It took her some time to get used to life in Bastogne after a childhood spent in Africa. Her father had worked as a veterinarian in the Belgian colonies. It was there that he had met her Burundian mother. Augusta grew up amidst awkward questions about the color of her skin and the texture of her hair. But the girl’s dreams were always much bigger than the obstacles she faced. Augusta decided on a career as a nurse, persevered, and landed a coveted job at a hospital in a university town.
The war would test Augusta’s resolve like nothing else. In 1944 she travelled to Bastogne to spend Christmas with her family. She had barely arrived when Hitler launched a massive counteroffensive on the Western Front. German troops surrounded her town and the American soldiers who helped defend it. An American doctor asked Augusta if she was willing to help. She never thought twice. Augusta and her friend and fellow nurse Renée joined an aid station in a basement amidst relentless shelling and bombardments. They feverishly cared for countless American casualties. On Christmas Eve a bomb tore into the cellar. Dozens of dead were pulled from the rubble. Among them was Augusta’s colleague Renée.
Augusta survived the war, haunted by her experiences in Bastogne. Still, in an interview much later, she insisted: “What I did was very normal. I would have done it for anyone. We are all children of God.”
The Museum of the Battle of the Ardennes tells the story of the battle and liberation of La Roche and nearby villages on the left bank of the River Ourthe during the allied counteroffensive between 3 and 16 January 1945. In 1944-1945 the town of La Roche was almost completely destroyed and 114 inhabitants were killed.
The Bastogne War Museum represents a new way to remember the Second World War in Belgium. It offers a fresh perception in a modern and interactive framework of the causes, events and consequences of the Second World War, with a special focus on the Ardennes counteroffensive: the Battle of the Bulge.
On 2 September 1944 allied troops crossed the Belgian border at diverse places. The process of liberation went fast: in ten days a large majority of the country was liberated. But it did not put an end to the German occupation. Two months later Hitler surprised the Allies with his last offensive: the Battle of the Bulge.
The Bastogne Barracks Museum was opened in 2010. It is located in the barracks that accomodated the Allied Headquarters during the Ardennes Offensive in 1944. Restored parts of the barracks exhibit a collection of materials used in the fighting. The so called Nuts-basement shows the office where General McAuliffe spoke the famous word ‘Nuts’,that had a major influence on the outcome of the Offensive.